In Law Offices of David Freydin, P.C. v. Victoria Chamara, No. 18-3216 (January 28, 2022), the Seventh Circuit affirmed the dismissal of a defamation case filed by a lawyer who received negative reviews on social media pages. The post that got Freydin in trouble was, of course, on Facebook. Freydin posed the following question: “Did Trump put Ukraine on the travel ban list?! We just cannot find a cleaning lady!” Freydin made further negative comments on the Facebook post.
Freydin’s comments were not popular. Several people made negative comments on his law firm’s pages. Defendant Victoria Chamara left a one-star rating. As the court notes in its opinion, she “called Freydin an ’embarrassment and a disgrace to the US judicial system,” referred to his comments as ‘unethical and derogatory,’ and labeled him a ‘hypocrite,’ ‘chauvinist,’ and ‘racist’ who ‘has no right to practice law.'” Freydin argued that the statements were defamatory per se because they prejudiced him in his profession.
The district court dismissed the case and the Seventh Circuit affirmed that decision. The Seventh Circuit held that the comments were all statements of opinion that were not actionable.
The court noted that the phrases Freydin complained about included “terrible experience,” “awful customer service,” and “don’t waste your money.” The court concluded that there were no implied statements of fact in those statements. “First, the statements do not have precise and readily understood specific meanings. Granted, they are easily understood phrases in the English language. But there are numerous reasons why someone may have had a ‘terrible experience’ or suggest that a product or service would be a ‘waste of money.’ Without additional details, the use of these phrases cannot be understood to be ‘precise.’…Second none of the statements can be objectively verified as true or false. How could a third-party observer gauge whether the commentator received awful customer service, for instance, by just reading a one-star review that says ‘Terrible experience. Awful customer service’? What objective indicator defines whether a given customer service experience was good or bad? Or whether a service or good was worht the money?…We trust that readers of online reviews are skeptical about what they read, both positive and negative. But it is enough in this case that these short reviews did not purport to provide any factual foundation and were clearly meant to express the opinions of the defendants in response to Freydin’s insults to Ukrainians generally.”
Comment: I encourage lawyers not to respond to negative reviews. I might add to that “Do not file a defamation case against an online reviewer.” There is no reason to draw more attention to an ill-advised comment on social media. Instead, take the review in stride and suffer in silence. Devote the time you would spend on the libel case to your practice.
Ed Clinton, Jr.